Ingenious Carrier Design Provides 3D-to-2D Conversion for Maximum Harvest of Clinical-grade Stem Cells for Autoimmune Diseases, Cancer Research, and Tissue Regeneration
In our day to day life, a global positioning system (GPS) helps us quickly determine our location and guides us to a preferred destination. Similarly, in living cells, molecules like proteins have their own positioning system which guides cells to coordinate their functioning and ensures a response.
A recent study at the Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica discovers that extra-chromosomal telomere repeat (ECTR) DNA molecules can activate cytosolic DNA sensing pathways that may inhibit alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) cancer development.
An online open course portal targeting Southeast Asia was launched recently by Taipei City-based National Taiwan University with the aim of bolstering academic exchanges and people-to-people ties with the region.
The new study suggests a possible defense in the battle against this deadly disease Global efforts to eradicate malaria are crucially dependent on scientists’ ability to outsmart the malaria parasite.
Bengaluru the capital city of Karnataka often referred to as science and technology hub of India, is all set to host a unique science gallery where science and the arts will interact.
Victims of Bhopal gas tragedy continue to suffer damage in their DNA, a new study has revealed. Methyl isocyanate, which released from the Union Carbide plant in December 1984, is known to damage human DNA by interacting with proteins.
Calcium levels inside human cells play a crucial role in normal functioning of cells and even in cell death. The mechanism and factors determining calcium movement across cell membrane have remained elusive to researchers for a long time.
It is often said in the context of lifestyle diseases that “genetics loads the gun, lifestyle pulls the trigger.” This means that unhealthy lifestyle can easily trigger diabetes and heart disease among people who are genetically predisposed to them.
Biodiesel manufacturing is picking up globally, resulting in a byproduct called glycerol. Indian scientists have now developed a technique to break down glycerol into commercially useful products using bacterial strains.
Working with an international team of breeders and genome scientists, plant biologists at the University of Georgia have sequenced the genome of garden asparagus as a model for sex chromosome evolution.
The very mention of triglycerides or cholesterol makes us think of heart disease. Although these molecules are circulating in our blood all the time, their amount needs to be precisely controlled for us to remain healthy.
A Stanford-led team has launched the first index to track the state of artificial intelligence and measure technological progress in the same way the GDP and the S&P 500 index take the pulse of the U.S. economy and stock market.
The sequence of the human DNA, or genome, has been extensively studied over the past two decades to understand different aspects of disease and health, from pre-birth to those that develop later in life. The primary focus is to use this knowledge for better healthcare.
Stanford researchers are using computer algorithms that can see and learn to analyze millions of publicly available images on Google Street View to determine the political leanings of a given neighborhood just by looking at the cars on the streets.
The average human lifespan is increasing. However, this increase has led to a rise in age-related chronic diseases, putting elderly people at risk of disability, loss of independence and early mortality.
The war against diarrheal diseases is all set to get a boost as the Government has decided to introduce the indigenously developed Rotavac vaccine against diarrheal diseases in four more states including Uttar Pradesh.
Scientists world over have established that marine fungi is an effective and safe way to improve various skin-related issues.
Autism typically involves the inability to read social cues. We most often associate this with visual difficulty in interpreting the facial expression, but new research at the Weizmann Institute of Science suggests that the sense of smell may also play a central role in autism.
In recent years, Indian Research Institutes have significantly increased their influence in global rankings for research output; Indian research spending is approximately $70 billion annually.
Indian research spending is approximately $70 billion annually.
In 2016, India spent 0.85% of its GDP on research and development. Although this may lag behind some of the research commitments of its Asian neighbours, (China spent 1.98% and South Korea lead the region with a significant investment of 4% of its GDP), it still represents a non-trivial funding amount of ~$70 Billion annually. In recent years, Indian Research Institutes have significantly increased their influence in global rankings for research output, with the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) now ranking 41 globally, and in the top 10 in the Asia-Pacific region .
DST Funding Overview
In this post, we’re focussing on funding opportunities from the Indian Department of Science and Technology (DST). The department has a multi-functional role that includes setting scientific policy, advising the government, supporting its 21 research institutions and…
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On November 25, 1987, a global institution for genetic engineering and biotechnology started operation with its first experiment. It started a special programme of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) with a membership of 22 countries across the world.
Drug designers working on therapeutics against multiple sclerosis should focus on blocking two distinct ways rogue immune cells attack healthy neurons, according to a new study in the journal Cell Reports.
A new study has reconfirmed possibility that large earthquakes are imminent in the Himalayas. While high levels of strain are getting constantly accumulated along the Main Himalayan Thrust region, only a fraction of it is getting released through small earthquakes of magnitudes less than 5 on the Richter scale.
Can there be one solution for preventing heart attacks, measuring soil moisture and detecting explosives?
Indian scientists have developed a reference library to provide molecular identity to a threatened plant species, Decalepis, found in peninsular India - Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
A new study has shown that little weight gain during pregnancy may be beneficial for the child, for shorter women who are more likely to deliver low birth weight babies.
Everyone loves to watch a good video online, but the format is often misused by digital cheats. This is making ‘copy-paste’ forgery a menace. Indian scientists have developed a set of techniques to detect such frauds.
A team of researchers from Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, has developed a new device that promises to help detect infectious diseases at low costs and very early.
Osimertinib improves progression-free survival compared to standard first line therapy in Asian patients with EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer
Over 100 students from schools across 17 states in India showcased 70 innovative projects in diverse fields of science at the National Science Fair – IRIS (Initiative for Research and Innovation in Science) held in New Delhi from 16-18th November this year.
Burn injuries are a major public health issue and management of these a key concern. Regular assessment of healing tissues is necessary but biopsies are painful and may hinder the healing process.
Human cells use a timer to divide: each cell gets at least 30 minutes to divide its genetic material between the nuclei of two daughter cells. Researchers at KU Leuven have unraveled how this timer is switched on and off.
Bursting of glacial lakes is a major cause of concern in the context climate change. Retreat of glaciers is expected to increase the number of glacial lakes and also expand the size of existing ones, posing threats for catastrophic floods.
Researchers at Kanazawa University and the University of Tokyo report in Nature Communications the visualization of the dynamics of 'molecular scissors' — the main mechanism of the CRISPR-Cas9 genetic-engineering technique.
This movie shows the release of the cleaved DNA from the Cas9-RNA complex. The DNA cleavage reaction occurred when the HNH nuclease domain adopts an active conformation (a magenta arrow), and the DNA was released several seconds after the cleavage.
Several different swallowtail butterfly variations showing mimicry and polymorphism, or different forms of the same species. In the center, a female Papilio polytes that mimics another species that is toxic to predators. (Credit: Matt Wood)
Female swallowtail butterflies do something a lot of butterflies do to survive: they mimic wing patterns, shapes and colors of other species that are toxic to predators. Some – but not all – swallowtail species have evolved several different forms of this trait. But what kind of genetic changes led to these various disguises, and why would some species maintain an undisguised form when mimicry provides an obvious evolutionary advantage?
In a new study published this week in Nature Communications, scientists from the University of Chicago analyze genetic data from a group of swallowtail species to find out when and how mimicry first evolved, and what has been driving those changes since then. It’s…
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Pair of Exceptionally Rare Hyper-luminous Galaxies Discovered with ALMA
Weizmann Institute of Science research uncovers the internal mechanisms driving storms toward the poles
Fruit flies raised on a low protein diet early in life can live over twice as long as their peers, according to new research from the Francis Crick Institute published in Nature Communications.
A fungal parasite that infects ants and manipulates their behavior to benefit the fungus' reproduction accomplishes this feat without infecting the ants' brains, according to a study led by Penn State researchers.
A new statistical model has enabled researchers to pinpoint 27 novel genes thought to prevent cancer from forming, in an analysis of over 2000 tumors across 12 human cancer types.
This infographic represents the work reported in the paper "The new alchemy: Online networking, data sharing and research activity distribution tools for scientists".
The Susan Bulkeley Butler Leadership Excellence Award was presented to the president of Uruguay and an oncologist at Indiana University during the International Breast Cancer Prevention Symposium
Stephen Hawking’s Ph.D. thesis, ‘Properties of expanding universes’, has been made freely available to anyone, anywhere in the world, after being made accessible via the University of Cambridge’s Open Access repository, Apollo.
Rare variants combined with background genetic risk factors may account for many unexplained cases of familial breast cancer, and knowing the specific genes involved could inform choice of prevention and treatment strategies
The study, published in Nature Communications, tested 3,006 strains of 'knock-out' mice for signs of hearing loss. 'Knock-out' mice have one gene from their genome inactivated, which helps researchers to uncover the functions of that gene.
scientists have created new proteins based on “existing natural parts,” that carry out their intended function with flying colors. This research was reported yesterday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, PNAS.
A research team led by Lam Woo Professor of Biomedical Engineering Ed X. Wu of the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at the University of Hong Kong has made a major breakthrough in unveiling the mysteries of the brain
The Wellcome Trust/DBT India Alliance joins the global campaign “Together Science Can” to promote and celebrate international collaboration in science. Launched on 28 September, Together Science Can encourages researchers around the world to join together to protect the future of vital collaboration.
You must have often wondered as to why you have to spend so much time trying to find information (jobs, internships, products, reagents, labs, news, protocols etc.) on the internet. Well, that is because the information is scattered all over on different websites, blogs, and social media pages. Hence, my team and I came up … Continue reading A one-stop solution for all your research and career needs
Researchers from Finland and Taiwan have discovered how graphene, a single-atom-thin layer of carbon, can be forged into three-dimensional objects by using laser light.
In nature, living organisms use primary metabolites containing simple building blocks as their starting materials. An important part of utilizing these starting materials is enzymes, which efficiently catalyze a variety of chemical reactions and generate a large number of natural products through biosynthetic pathways.
Diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) early can allow patients to receive the medicine they need and also help prevent the disease from spreading. But in resource-limited areas, equipment requirements and long wait times for results are obstacles to diagnosis and treatment. To tackle this problem, scientists report in ACS Sensors the development of a fast, paper-based tuberculosis test that can be read with a smartphone.
The three-day event WCIT 2017 was successfully concluded yesterday and the main highlight of the event was the WCIT 2017 ITC award ceremony. The 21st World Congress on Information Technology kick-started in Taipei on September 11th. The 3-day event was aimed at bringing in the latest trends of digital economy development to the island nation.
Taiwan students won two golds and two silvers to tie with Japan for second place at the 11th International Earth Science Olympiad in Nice, France, the Ministry of Education announced Aug. 29.
Automotive, aerospace and defense applications require metallic materials with ultra-high strength. However, in some particular high-loading structural applications, metallic materials shall also have large ductility and high toughness to facilitate the precise forming of structural components and to avoid the catastrophic failure of components during service.
Taiwan’s first indigenously produced ultra-high resolution Earth observation satellite Formosat-5 was launched at 2:51 a.m. Aug. 25 Pacific Daylight Time from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, representing a milestone in the nation’s space technology industry.
Taiwan announced plans to invest TWD16 billion ($527 million) over the next four to five years to boost the country’s artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities, The China Post reported.
How does the skin develop follicles and eventually sprout hair? A USC-led study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), addresses this question using insights gleaned from organoids, 3D assemblies of cells possessing rudimentary skin structure and function--including the ability to grow hair.
There is an old Chinese saying that goes like this: “Once bitten by a snake, you will fear grass rope for ten years”. If a fortunate individual bitten by a poisonous snake managed to survive, the shape of the snake and the sense of danger will be associated together and stored into memory.
As anyone anticipating this month’s eclipse knows, one way to dim a star is to block it with something else – the moon, perhaps. Or in the case of distant stars whose light masks orbiting exoplanets, a shade-throwing satellite might do.
There’s a vast trove of science out there locked inside the PDF format. From preprints to peer-reviewed literature and historical research, millions of scientific manuscripts today can only be found in a print-era format that is effectively inaccessible to the web of interconnected online services and APIs that are increasingly becoming the digital scaffold of today’s research infrastructure.
OHSU leads team to prevent cardiomyopathy through gene correction
A stem cell-based method created by University of California, Irvine scientists can selectively target and kill cancerous tissue while preventing some of the toxic side effects of chemotherapy by treating the disease in a more localized way.
A self-driving bus will be put through its paces Aug. 1-5 in Taipei as part of local government efforts to spur the metropolis’s smart city development and further enhance the quality of life for residents.
Taiwan competitors placed in the top 10 in the international math and physics Olympiads, bringing home a total of 11 medals, the Ministry of Education announced July 23.
Glutathione is the most abundant natural antioxidant in cells. It protects them from damage and regulates a number of important functions, including cell proliferation and death, the synthesis of the genetic material and proteins and the activation of gene expression.
A total of seven Taiwan tertiary education institutions are ranked among the 100 best universities in the Asia-Pacific, according to U.K.-based Times Higher Education magazine July 4.
The Ministry of Science and Technology unveiled plans July 6 to establish up to four artificial intelligence innovation research centers across Taiwan as part of government efforts to enhance the nation’s competitiveness in AI technology.
An international research team, led by Chin-Fei Lee of the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA, Taiwan), has used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to detect complex organic molecules for the first time in the atmosphere of an accretion disk around a very young protostar. These molecules play a crucial role in … Continue reading Complex Organic Molecules Found on “Space Hamburger” — Prebiotic Atmosphere Discovered on Accretion Disk of Baby Star
After 12 weeks of taking an anti-asthma drug, a subset of patients with type 2 diabetes showed a clinically significant reduction in blood glucose during a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, report University of California San Diego School of Medicine and University of Michigan researchers.
Quantum dots are transforming electronic displays on TVs and tablets. But now, one group reports in ACS Nano that these tiny structures may someday provide relief for eye infections resulting from contact lens wear, trauma or some types of surgeries.
President Tsai Ing-wen said June 26 that the government is committed to fostering Taiwan’s potential-laden biomedical and pharmaceuticals sector through such measures as strengthening local companies’ positions in international markets and bolstering inter ministerial collaboration on industry development initiatives.
Despite the potentially severe consequences of illness and even death, only about 40 percent of adults in the United States receive flu shots each year; however, researchers believe a new self-administered, painless vaccine skin patch containing microscopic needles could significantly increase the number of people who get vaccinated.
"If only scientists gave us the technology to travel at the speed of light the solar system would be an open book." - Unknown "Light" has always been indispensable to man's exploration of nature. All wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum can be referred to as "light". "Light" of different wavelengths is used for different purposes. … Continue reading NSRRC – An advanced synchrotron source serving basic and applied research
Researchers at Maastricht University (UM) recently succeeded in visualizing dynamic metabolic changes using mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) through amino acid conversion in the liver. This is the first time scientists have been able to identify the dynamics of biochemical processes in human tissue.
Mount Sinai study establishes mechanism by which an early window of exposure defines the response to stress in adulthood
Dr. Arun Netravali, former president of Bell Labs (now Nokia Bell Labs) and leader of key base technology for MPEG 1, 2 and 4 that ushered in digital video revolution in TV and mobile and streaming video has been awarded the prestigious Marconi Prize for 2017.
Two Taiwan-made public health videos reached the finals of a clip award competition taking place as part of the fourth International Conference on Prevention and Infection Control June 20-23 in Geneva.
The launch of National Health Insurance (NHI) in Taiwan in 1995 has led to an average of 20% reduction of the relative magnitude of suicide mortality in newly diagnosed cancer patients versus the general population, according to a new study by researchers at National Taiwan University (NTU). This study has been published online on 2 March 2017 in Psycho-Oncology.
A short film focusing on one of the millions of success stories resulting from international medical contributions by the Republic of China (Taiwan) was released May 6 by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
MRIs show a brain anomaly in nearly 70 percent of babies at high risk of developing the condition who go on to be diagnosed, laying the groundwork for a predictive aid for pediatricians and the search for a potential treatment
Research misconduct is increasingly a problem in the Taiwan academic community and recently has become an important issue. Society expects ethical behavior to come naturally for a researcher at our national academic institutions.