Zika Virus Infects Developing Brain by First Infecting Cells Meant to Defend Against It

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A false colour micrograph shows microglia cells (green) infected by the Zika virus (blue). Credit: UC San Diego Health

Researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil, report that the Zika virus is transmitted from mother to fetus by infected cells that, ironically, will later develop into the brain’s first and primary form of defence against invasive pathogens. Read More

More Cardiac Arrest Victims Could Survive With Dispatcher CPR Instruction, Rescue Breaths For Children

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More people will survive cardiac arrest if emergency medical dispatchers give chest compression-only CPR instructions over the phone and if infants and children receive chest compressions with rescue breaths, according to updated CPR guidelines published today by the American Heart Association (Association) Read More

Why the sounds of eating make some people so angry

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Nobody likes hearing someone crunching their food, but for some, it’s more than just an annoyance — the sound triggers a full “fight or flight response.” These people have a rare condition called “misophonia” that makes them extraordinarily sensitive to everyday sounds Read More

Penn Study Shows Nearly 70 Percent Of Cannabidiol Extracts Sold Online Are Mislabeled

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In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the medicinal use of Cannabidiol (CBD), a chemical that naturally occurs the in cannabis plant (aka “marijuana”). There is interest in CBD as a medicine because there is some evidence that it has medical benefits Read More

‘Zombie ant’ brains left intact by fungal parasite

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AN ANT MANIPULATED BY THE “ZOMBIE ANT FUNGUS ” BITES ONTO THE UNDERSIDE OF A TWIG — IT’S LAST ACT BEFORE DYING AND BECOMING A PLATFORM FOR FUNGAL REPRODUCTION. CREDIT: KIM FLEMING, PENN STATE

A fungal parasite that infects ants and manipulates their behaviour to benefit the fungus’ reproduction accomplishes this feat without infecting the ants’ brains, according to a study led by Penn State researchers. Read More

Eating at night could increase risk of heart disease and diabetes

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Eating during the night is associated with higher risk of heart disease and diabetes, and the body’s 24-hour cycle is to blame, according to research published today in Experimental Physiology. Read More

How a “flipped” gene helped butterflies evolve mimicry

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Several different swallowtail butterfly variations showing mimicry and polymorphism, or different forms of the same species. In the centre, a female Papilio polytes that mimic another species that is toxic to predators. (Credit: Matt Wood, UChicago)

Female swallowtail butterflies do something a lot of butterflies do to survive: they mimic wing patterns, shapes and colours of other species that are toxic to predators. Some – but not all – swallowtail species have evolved several different forms of this trait. Read More

Researchers Teach Computer to Recognize Emotions in Speech

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Image: National Research University Higher School of Economics

Staff Members of the Faculty of Informatics, Mathematics, and Computer Science at the Higher School of Economics have created an automatic system capable of identifying emotions in the sound of a voice. Their report was presented at a major international conference – Neuroinformatics-2017. Read More

NASA Twins Study spots thousands of genes toggling on and off in Scott Kelly

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When astronaut Scott Kelly returned to Earth after a year floating about the International Space Station, he was noticeably different from his identical twin, Mark Kelly. Read More

Cancer cells destroyed in just 3 days with new technique

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Cancer cells are relentless, possessing the vexatious ability to develop resistance to current therapies and making the disease hugely challenging to treat. However, an exciting new study may have identified cancer’s weak spot; the discovery has already led to the near-eradication of the disease in cell cultures. Read More

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